If we can compare a webpage to the human body, then HTML is the bones of the body. The key differences lie in their implementation, ease of use, their various features, and how they are structured, but at the end of the day, both HTML website development css cascading and CSS are the keys to unlocking how the World Wide Web works. Let’s dive into the details of both HTML and CSS, what they’re used for, and how to learn HTML and CSS. You could remove the underline from all states of a link.

what is css in html

This module contains the following articles, which will take you through all the basic theory of CSS, and provide ample opportunity for you to test out some skills. Another page also has some books,
mailing lists and similar fora, and
links to other directories. Nearly all browsers nowadays
support CSS and many other
applications do, too.

How to apply your CSS to your HTML

We’ve got a whole range of courses that tap into the different uses of HTML and CSS, particularly in a web or software development domain, which will tell you how to make the most out of HTML and CSS. Forge your coding language path today, and find your future career. It was originally invented back in 1989 as the publishing language of the web, and to put it very simply, it is the first building block in creating a webpage. When you first come across the world of HTML, you’ll likely encounter a whole ream of terms and phrases that are somewhat baffling too.

what is css in html

So, let’s get started and add some more CSS to our page! Keep adding these new rules to the bottom of the page, and don’t be afraid to experiment with changing values to see how it turns out. Many experienced developers would much rather refer to MDN documentation or other tutorials. Nevertheless, it is worth knowing that these specs exist and understanding the relationship between the CSS you are using, the browser support (see below), and the specs.

Anatomy of a CSS ruleset

With the basics of the CSS language covered, the next CSS topic for you to concentrate on is styling text — one of the most common things you’ll do with CSS. Here we look at text styling fundamentals, including setting font, boldness, italics, line and letter spacing, drop shadows, and other text features. We round off the module by looking at applying custom fonts to your page, and styling lists and links. If you want to learn to code for the web, focusing on HTML, CSS, and JavaScript, enroll in our course that will give you the basics of coding in these three languages. We also offer a course looking at fundamentals of software development, where you’ll learn about software architecture and different programming languages for software development. One of the goals of CSS is to allow users greater control over presentation.

It is a combination of Hypertext, which establishes the links between web pages, and Markup language, which is used to define the structure of web pages within tags. HTML forms the backbone of any webpage, dictating its structure and content. This article aims to provide you with a thorough understanding of how to use HTML and CSS to construct websites or web pages. Here, we present a complete overview to kickstart your journey in learning HTML and CSS.

Learn­ing CSS

However, although they’re often used in conjunction with each other, they both serve very different purposes when it comes to web coding. A plain HTML document is generally accessible to everyone — as you start to style that document it is important that you don’t make it less accessible. Your visitor may well be on a computer with a mouse or trackpad, or a phone with a touchscreen. Or they might be using a screen reader, which reads out the content of the document, or they may need to use much larger text, or be navigating the site using the keyboard only. You can copy the code from below if you want to work on your own computer. Save the code below as index.html in a folder on your machine.

  • Learning HTML can make you stand out to employers, as everyone is competing to create the best content.
  • Have a look at the links in this paragraph for specific examples.
  • It separates the content from the visual representation of the site.
  • There are many more selectors to explore, and you can find a more detailed list in our Selectors guide.

Rather than by laboriously going through the document and changing the color for each individual h1 element. Each declaration includes a CSS property name and a value, separated by a colon. A CSS declaration always ends with a semicolon, and declaration blocks are surrounded by curly braces.

Adding CSS to our document

Elements.) In CSS, you choose which properties you want to affect in the rule. Using a text editor, paste the three lines of CSS (above) into a new file. There are many more selectors to explore, and you can find a more detailed list in our Selectors guide. Elements.) In CSS, you choose which properties you want to affect in your rule. For beginners, Starting with HTML + CSS teaches how to create a
style sheet. For a quick introduction to CSS, try chapter 2 of Lie & Bos or Dave Raggett’s intro to CSS.

what is css in html

This module provides links to sections of content explaining how to use CSS to solve common problems when creating a web page. If you’re new to web development, be sure to read our CSS basics article to learn what CSS is and how to use it. Instead of versioning the CSS specification, W3C now periodically takes a snapshot of the latest stable state of the CSS specification and individual modules progress. CSS modules now have version numbers, or levels, such as CSS Color Module Level 5. CSS is among the core languages of the open web and is standardized across Web browsers according to W3C specifications. Previously, the development of various parts of CSS specification was done synchronously, which allowed the versioning of the latest recommendations.

What is CSS?

The nodes are defined by their relationship to other DOM nodes. Some elements are parents of child nodes, and child nodes have siblings. Any role that requires coding will definitely want a candidate with at least some experience with HTML and CSS, and the first step to learning HTML and CSS is actually knowing what they are and what they are used for. As we’ve seen, these two coding languages are the building blocks of any web page and are at the heart of web development. HTML and CSS are the building blocks of any webpage, with HTML being the foundations and CSS being the decoration.

Values may be keywords, such as “center” or “inherit”, or numerical values, such as 200px (200 pixels), 50vw (50 percent of the viewport width) or 80% (80 percent of the parent element’s width). CSS lets you have multiple styles on one HTML page, therefore making the customization possibilities almost endless. Nowadays, this is becoming more a necessity than a commodity. CSS is not technically a necessity, but you probably wouldn’t want to look at a web page that features only HTML elements as it would look completely bare-boned. There are three different ways to apply CSS to an HTML document that you’ll commonly come across, some more useful than others.

Styling things based on their location in a document

Each element, attribute and piece of text in the markup language becomes a DOM node in the tree structure. A set of CSS rules contained within a stylesheet determines how a webpage should look. You will learn a lot more about what CSS syntax looks like in the next article of the module — CSS Syntax. A document is usually a text file structured using a markup language — HTML is the most common markup language, but you will also come across other markup languages such as SVG or XML. At this point, we’ve already looked at CSS fundamentals, how to style text, and how to style and manipulate the boxes that your content sits inside. Now it’s time to look at how to place your boxes in the right place with respect to the viewport, and one another.

what is css in html